Pain is an inseparable part of human lives. Be it physical or mental you cannot escape it. But some of the physical pain is unbearable which later takes the form of agony. ‘When health is lost, something in lost’ therefore this article is strictly based on physical pain. There are hundreds of diseases prevailing in the world today.
Below are the top 10 painful diseases suffered by people all around the world. Diseases that you would always prefer to keep a safe distance from. Have a look!
Arthritis is an infection of joints causing inflammation to more than one of them. The major reason is the wear and tear of cartilage fades the smooth movement of bones. The joints are felt stiff and its infection causes the swelling. There are different kinds of arthritis that can take form in the body, like rheumatoid arthritis that causes bending of joints and osteoarthritis that causes swelling and frozen bones.
Arthritis can be best treated by surgery. Hot massage and packs gives only temporary relief. Other medications are given only for pain relief. Exercising is highly effective.
9. Kidney stone
Kidney stone is also known as renal calculus. Pebbles are formed in the kidney due to accumulation of salts, minerals or calcium. When stones enter the ureter or urinary bladder, it tends to obstruct the flow of urine and thereby causes immense pain in the lower abdomen. This is the reason why patients with this problem are asked to drink plenty of water. Though hereditary, inadequate diet may lead to its occurrence too.
8. Shingles (herpes zoster)
Virus herpes zoster is the carrier of shingles and is considered to be one of the most painful diseases of the world. Severe pain is felt due to blisters and rashes formation on the skin. The same virus causes chicken pox but in case of shingles the nerves are affected causing neural disorder. Adults are normally affected by this disease, but children should also take preventive measures. Symptoms include rashes, temporary paralysis, genital sores, stomach disorder etc. A single dose of shingles vaccine can help to prevent or reduce the extremity of the disease. But it is given after the age of 60.
7. Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
The Ebola virus causes Ebola hemorrhagic fever. Bleeding occurs due to the damage of blood vessels. Sadly, around 90 % of the patients are not able to survive this disease. It is seen that most patients die due to shock or low blood pressure as opposed to blood loss. Vomiting, headache, fever, joint aches, internal and external bleeding are a few recorded symptoms. Ebola virus also affects other primates. Fruit bats are the main carrier of this disease. The virus can infect a healthy person if can come into contact with an infected patient. The patient should be kept separately and the belongings are strictly not to be used to avoid further spread of this disease.
Achalasia cardia or esophageal dymotility disorder mainly affects the esophagus creating a problem in swallowing of food. This the condition the lower part of esophagus known as esophageal sphincter does not relax properly. It is due to the inflammation in nerves of esophagus its motility is hampered. Burning sensation felt in heart, difficulty in swallowing solid or liquid causing vomiting are a few of the symptoms. It can also lead to chest infections which is worsen during cold and stress.
5. Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis)
Adhesive capsulitis or in layman’s term frozen shoulder is a disease that affects the movement of shoulder causing severe pain. Stiffness in the joint of the shoulder prevents free movement of the same. It occurs all of a sudden, for example while reaching for a seatbelt over head in a car. The same might also occur due to sleep disorders. If such happens, the shoulder should not be moved vigorously else it might even break the joints. It is treated with steroidal injections and anti inflammatory drugs to relieve pain and free movement of joint. Therapies taken should not be stopped mid way else, the pain might brew up. Exercising is essential.
4. Ulcerative colitis
In ulcerative colitis, ulcers are formed in the colon and rectum. Abdominal pain or abdominal cramps are its indication. Tiredness, undergrowth in children, loss of weight and appetite are a few indications. Bleeding in gastrointestinal tract, pus and blood in stool guarantees the disease. It may also be caused by physical strain and acidity or immunity problems. This disease normally occurs at the age of 15-30 or after 50. This disease is hereditary and later may lead to hemorrhage.
3. Pancreatic cancer
Pancreatic cancer also known as pancreatic carcinoma is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in people. Diabetic patients are normally affected. You may also get the disease due to chronic pancreatitis or excessive smoking. Though, pancreas is as both exocrine and endocrine, one of the two gets affected. It is not hereditary and risks increases with the increase in age.
2. Dercum’s disease (adipose dolorosa)
Dercum’s disease or scientifically, Adipose Dolorosa is an auto immune disease. The cause has not been discovered yet. Termed as one of the most painful diseases in the world, most people mistake it with obesity. Fatty lumps are form in the body causing excessive pain. Medicines can only be given to ease the pain as full treatment is not possible. The disease is hereditary.
1. Fothergill’s disease (trigeminal neuralgia):
Trigeminal Neuralgia is the most severe disease ever recorded. It affects the face causing intense pain in the area. This disease is also roughly known as suicide disease. This is a kind of neural disorder and symptoms include in the face. Since mouth is a very sensitive area, it causes great problem in eating, brushing etc. Even a slight touch can be severe at times.
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